Articles contenant le tag Gaullists

FRANCE’S NEWS DEAL. FROM THE THIRTIES TO THE POSTWAR ERA

Philip Nord
Princeton University Press

frances-news-dealUne vision anglo-saxonne, et donc libérale, de l’histoire française. Oublié Colbert et la tradition centraliste pluri-centenaire française. Ouvrage tout de même intéressant à lire pour voir l’histoire de la France moderne d’un œil autre que franco-français.

DESCRIPTION

France’s New Deal is an in-depth and important look at the remaking of the French state after World War II, a time when the nation was endowed with brand-new institutions for managing its economy and culture. Yet, as Philip Nord reveals, the significant process of state rebuilding did not begin at the Liberation. Rather, it got started earlier, in the waning years of the Third Republic and under the Vichy regime. Tracking the nation’s evolution from the 1930s through the postwar years, Nord describes how a variety of political actors–socialists, Christian democrats, technocrats, and Gaullists–had a hand in the construction of modern France.
Nord examines the French development of economic planning and a cradle-to-grave social security system; and he explores the nationalization of radio, the creation of a national cinema, and the funding of regional theaters. Nord shows that many of the policymakers of the Liberation era had also served under the Vichy regime, and that a number of postwar institutions and policies were actually holdovers from the Vichy era–minus the authoritarianism and racism of those years. From this perspective, the French state after the war was neither entirely new nor purely social-democratic in inspiration. The state’s complex political pedigree appealed to a range of constituencies and made possible the building of a wide base of support that remained in place for decades to come.
A nuanced perspective on the French state’s postwar origins, France’s New Deal chronicles how one modern nation came into being.

REVIEWS

“[S]uperb. . . . [An] unparalleled contribution to the history of the state and society in France.”
Paul V. Dutton, American Historical Review

“Nord offers a magisterial, highly nuanced account of the dramatic remaking of the French nation after the crushing defeat of 1940 and the empty years of occupation by the Nazis.”
Choice

“[V]ery wide-ranging and informed. . . . This is a very thought-provoking work, which will be a point of reference for the discussion of French modernization in the future; it is also very well written even though it deals with daunting technical issues and is a work of primary research. It is rare to find such reader-friendly work at such a demanding level.”
David S. Bell, European Legacy

“Most of the time, reading a work on controversial eras of French history–and especially the Vichy regime–imparts a teeter-totter effect, as the historian seesaws between contrasting sides. Philip Nord, instead, quietly presents a convincing analysis that integrates and harmonizes the opposing sides without disservice to truth. . . . On the author’s insightful telling, what was new on the modern French scene was the presence, and concerted action, of Christians committed to democracy, some of them engaged as organized partisans, others as unaffiliated individuals. The emergent model–what Nord calls ‘France’s “new deal”‘–was a thoroughly French version of the activist state: modern and modernizing in economic life, yet allergic to liberal laissez-faire individualism.”
Steve Englund, Commonweal

ENDORSEMENTS

“Authoritative, subtle, and persuasive, this book is a major advance in conceptualizing the transformation of the French state in the mid-twentieth century. It will supersede any current literature on the subject.”
Richard F. Kuisel, Georgetown University

“In this splendid book, Nord takes a big topic, and addresses it with infectious enthusiasm, rigor, and humor. Nobody else knows as much about the interconnections between the lives and careers of the midcentury elite of French administrators, experts, and intellectuals, who from the 1930s to 1950s, emerged as the ruling class of the reshaped French state.”
Martin Conway, University of Oxford

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Acknowledgments ix
List of Abbreviations xi
INTRODUCTION. Postwar Stories 1
Part I. THE FRENCH MODEL 17
CHAPTER 1. The Crisis of the Thirties 25
CHAPTER 2. The War Years 88
CHAPTER 3. The Liberation Moment 145
Part II. A CULTURE OF QUALITY 215
CHAPTER 4. Art and Commerce in the Interwar Decades 221
CHAPTER 5. Culture in Wartime 254
CHAPTER 6. The Culture State 311
Conclusion 360
Notes 385
Index 435

AUTHOR

Philip Nord is the Rosengarten Professor of Modern and Contemporary History at Princeton University. His books include Paris Shopkeepers and the Politics of Resentment (Princeton), The Republican Moment: Struggles for Democracy in Nineteenth-Century France, and Impressionists and Politics: Art and Democracy in the Nineteenth Century.

September 2012
480 pp.
6 x 9
ISBN: 9780691156118
Price: $29.95 / £19.95

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